Computer Science Education is defined as the science and art of teaching and learning computer science and computational thinking. It addresses the impact of computer science in society as a subdiscipline of pedagogy through its intersection with mathematics, psychology, philosophy and natural sciences.
When compared with other related disciplines like science education and mathematics education, computer science education (or simply computer education) is a much younger field. Although computation has been around for many centuries, but digital computers were only around in 1940s.
The study of computer science was typically as an elective course by other departments until some universities started to offer it as a course. Subsequently, Computer Engineering was later offered and then Computer Education.
Computer Science vs Computer Engineering
Computer Science is the study of computers and computing processes as well as its theoretical and practical applications. It employs the principles of mathematics, engineering, and logic.
Computer science has to do with algorithm formulation, hardware and software development, artificial intelligence etc. Data structures and algorithm is termed to be the center-point of computer science but there are other areas.
Computer Engineering is a part of engineering that combines various fields of computer science and electronics engineering needed to develop computer hardware and software. It is concerned with hardware and software aspects of computing like design of microcontrollers, microprocessors, personal computers, circuit etc.
Computer Engineers usually undergo training in electronic/electrical engineering, software/hardware design and their integration. Their work ranges from writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing chips, sensors, circuit boards, operating systems and so on.
Roles of Computer Educationist
Below are some of the roles for someone who studied Computer Science Education and want to practice as a teacher:
- Planning of lessons and other activities that facilitate students’ acquisition of computer skills.
- Teaching in a way that develops students’ confidence and boost their interest in the use of computer.
- Designing and developing appropriate computer-based instructional materials.
- Observing and managing classroom dynamics.
- Maintaining hardware, downloading and updating software in Computer Laboratory.
- Conducting group computer training sessions and assignment.
- Coordinate and collaborate with other teachers on ICT matters.
- Training other teachers on how to use technological tools.
- Suggesting new educational tools to the management for adoption.
Fields or Areas of Computer Education
1. Data Analytics
Data analytics is the science of analyzing raw data in order to make conclusions about that information. The techniques and processes of data analytics have been automated into mechanical processes and algorithms that work over raw data for human consumption. Data analytics help a business optimize its performance.
A graduate of computer education can acquaint him or herself with skills required for data analysis in order to study and analyze educational progress and issues.
2. Web & Mobile App Development
Web development is the work involved in developing a Web site for the Internet or an intranet. It can range from developing a simple single static page of plain text to complex web applications, electronic businesses, and social network services.
Mobile app development is the act or process by which a mobile app is developed for mobile devices, such as personal digital assistants, enterprise digital assistants or mobile phones. … As part of the development process, mobile user interface (UI) design is also essential in the creation of mobile apps.
3. Graphic Design & Infographics
Graphic design is a craft where professionals create visual content to communicate messages. By applying visual hierarchy and page layout techniques, designers use typography and pictures to meet users’ specific needs and focus on the logic of displaying elements in interactive designs, to optimize the user experience.
An infographic is a collection of imagery, charts, and minimal text that gives an easy-to-understand overview of a topic.
4. Video Editing & Animation
Video editing is the manipulation and arrangement of video shots. It is used to structure and present all video information, including films and television shows, video advertisements and video essays.
Animation is a method of photographing successive drawings, models, or even puppets, to create an illusion of movement in a sequence.
5. Human Computer Interaction
Human-computer interaction (HCI) is a multidisciplinary field of study focusing on the design of computer technology and, in particular, the interaction between humans (the users) and computers. While initially concerned with computers, HCI has since expanded to cover almost all forms of information technology design.
6. Mathematical Foundations
Foundations of mathematics is the study of the philosophical and logical and/or algorithmic basis of mathematics, or, in a broader sense, the mathematical investigation of what underlies the philosophical theories concerning the nature of mathematics.
7. Educational Technology
Educational Technology can be defined as the theory and practice of utilizing new technological media and devices to develop and implement innovative educational approaches in order to enhance learning and students achievement.
8. Information Technology (IT)
Information technology is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems—particularly software applications and computer hardware. IT workers help ensure that computers work well for people.
9. Cyber Security
Cyber security is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It’s also known as information technology security or electronic information security.
10. Game Development
Game Development is the art of creating games and describes the design, development and release of a game. It may involve concept generation, design, build, test and release. While you create a game, it is important to think about the game mechanics, rewards, player engagement and level design.
Computer is a Tool
Computer as a tool is used to achieve organisation’s or business goals. It helps to make work easier and to improve productivity.
Just as computer can be used to enhance learning processes in education, other fields of human endeavours use it to facilitate their work. This does not make computer science not to be professional course to study.
Computer Science Education aims at how best computer can be taught at all levels of education to help the society learn and apply computer skills in their chosen field of work.
Someone who studied computer education in faculty of education of a university or in a college of education must not become a classroom teacher but can work in different areas of computer education as stated above.
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