Sociology of Education Lecture Note

Sociology of Education

The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education.

Learning Objectives

  • Meaning of Sociology
  • Functions of Sociology
  • Meaning of Sociology of Education
  • Scope of Sociology of Education
  • Concept of Socialization
  • Early Socialization
  • Agents of Socialization


Any individual can learn very little by himself. Others play a very important role and contribute a lot to his learning process. The presence of other persons is important because a person learns from the knowledge gained by others. Therefore the process of getting education is always a social process. The word Sociology is derived from the combination of the Latin socius meaning ‘companion’ and the Greek logos – meaning ‘the study of’.
So the word literally means the study of companionship, or social relations. It is the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society. It is the science of fundamental laws of social behavior, relations, institutions, etc.

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Meaning and Scope of Sociology of Education

Author: Uncle Pat

Meaning of Sociology of Education Sociology of Education may be defined as the scientific analysis of the social processes and social patterns involved in the educational system. Brookover and Gottlieb consider that “this assumes education is a combination of social acts and that sociology is an analysis of human interaction.” Educational process goes on in […]

Concept and Early Socialization

Author: Uncle Pat

Concept of Socialization Socialization as a social process has been defined by various authorities in the field of sociology. Socialization can be described as the process of adaptation by the individuals to the conventional patterns of behaviour. It thus occurs on account of the individual’s interaction with others and the expression of the culture which […]

Agents of Socialization

Author: Uncle Pat

The survival of any society depends solidly on the sufficient degree of homogeneity amongst its members. Socialization perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing in the child from the beginning the essential similarities that collective life demands. These essential life ingredients are transmitted through the family, school, mosque/church, peer group, market, mass media and so […]